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Types of Eggs

Types of Eggs

Types of Eggs

Eggs are not all the same. In fact, they come in many different shapes, colors and sizes depending on the breed of chicken. Larger breeds have bigger eggs than smaller breeds. Batams have the smallest eggs, for sure. The color of an egg can be white, brown, green or even blue. No matter what color your egg is on the outside, the inside of the shell contains nearly identical yolk and whites.

The following table shows a few common breeds and the types of eggs they produce:

Type of Chicken
Egg Production
Bird Size
Good Brooder
Cold Hardy
Class
Breed
Below Avg
Average
Above Avg
Egg Color
Egg Size
Below Avg
Average
Above Avg
< 3 per week
3 - 4 per week
5+ per week
< 5 lbs
6 - 7 lbs
7+ lbs
Continental Campine 
X
White  Medium
X
X
Continental Hamburg 
X
White  Small
X
X
Continental Lakenvelder 
X
Cream Medium
X
English Redcap 
X
White  Medium
X
X
Large Minorca 
X
White  X-Large
X
Mediterranean Ancona 
X
White  Large
X
X
Mediterranean Andalusian 
X
White  Large
X
Mediterranean Catalana 
X
Cream Medium
X
Mediterranean Leghorn (Non-White) 
X
White  Large
X
Mediterranean Leghorn (White) 
X
White  X-Large
X
X
Mediterranean Sicilian Buttercup 
X
White  Small
X
Mediterranean White Faced Black Spanish 
X
White  Large
X
N/A Easter Eggers 
X
Green Blue  X-Large
X
X
N/A Fayoumi 
X
Cream Small
X
X
N/A Marans 
X
Dark Brown  Large
X
N/A Penedesenca 
X
Dark Brown  Medium
X
Other Ameraucana 
X
Blue  Medium
X
X
Other Appenzeller Spitzhauben 
X
White  Medium
X
X
Other Araucana 
X
Blue  Medium
X
X
X

The USDA stipulates how eggs are sized. If you plan to sell your eggs, you should follow these guidelines when marketing them:

  • Small: 18 oz weight per dozen
  • Medium: 21 oz weight per dozen
  • Large: 24 oz weight per dozen
  • Extra Large: 27 oz weight per dozen
  • Jumbo: 30 oz weight per dozen


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